PIES - Part 2
It is amazing that teachers worldwide have settled so universally on a structure
so inefficient in implementing basic principles known to produce engagement and
learning. Rather than using this inefficient Whole Class Question-Answer structure,
the teacher might use any of a number of efficient Kagan structures
When the teacher has students RallyRobin, students experience themselves as on the
same side rather than pitted one against another. They have a common goal. Each
hopes their partner comes up with good answers, knowing a gain for one is a gain
for the other. Sharing, caring, verbal skills, and listening skills are enhanced.
Each student is required to repeatedly respond on their own publicly, creating engagement
and learning. They know they cannot daydream because often they will be held accountable.
Because students are taking turns in pairs, each student in the class participates
At any one moment half the students in the class are overtly (you can see or hear
it) active naming answers, not just one student out of the class. In six minutes
of RallyRobin each student has about three minutes to verbalise their answers. In
contrast, Whole Class Question-Answer gives only one minute to only three students,
while others are passive and silent. Retention is fostered by RallyRobin in part
because each student is verbalising his/her own answers.
Kagan structures are bridges, allowing teachers to pass easily from principles to
practices, implementing basic principles and visions as part of any lesson, at any
Key Stage, with any curriculum.